Monday, October 10, 2016

Cybersecurity Training for Less than $300!!

Ok. Since the IT Market is going in the following avenues and you plan on staying in IT and making more than US $100,000 a year. You need to practice. Also, one of the joys of learning and staying in IT is the ability to resolve the problem everyone learning on the cheap has to do. Even though I can likely buy a fancy schmancy $600 or $1500 laptop. I like to keep it inexpensive and cheap and actually focus on learning.

1. Chromebook (US $100-$500). CPU's are what jumps the cost. Stick with Intel CPU's.
2. RAM from Amazon (Prime get's it to the house quicker)
3. Crouton (with -e encryption:
4. Kali-Rolling / Ubuntu (Depending on if you need VirtualBox to run Window$)

1. Put your Chromebook into Developer Mode (ESC+Restart Key+Power Button)
3. CTRL+D, Machine will wipe into Developer Mode
4. Connect to your wireless and log back in (recreate your profile by enabling your sync)
5. Launch a Terminal Shell (CTRL+ALT+T)
6. Shell
7. Download "Crouton" from
8. Pick your distribution (Debian, Kali or Ubuntu). You can use -r to change the distribution.
    (Example: sudo -e sh ~/Downloads/crouton -r kali-rolling)

9. If your doing Cybersecurity training, your going to need Kali-Rolling and Pluralsight Online Training ( If you already have a Bachelor's or Master's Degree. Don't waist your time getting another degree at a university. Learn hands-on, pass some certification exams and then start applying for jobs. University programs are pretty good, but like I said, this is the cheap and quick way to jump into the field if your already in IT or flipping into IT. Certifications and hands-on experience is what will get you through a technical interview or technical phone screen. Degree's help, but I can't count how many people I have by-passed because they didn't know anything hands-on or weren't skilled.

However, a college degree is actually important. Don't let anyone tell you different, but if you can't afford it, you have to do something else. Also, you don't need to spend US $5000, $10,000 or dear goodness...$50,000 US getting a college degree. You can attend a US Department of Education Accredited Online School like University of The People: where tuition is free and all that you pay for is exams and whatever ancillary expenses are necessary. If you have math or other area's of academic weakness you can use Khan Academy: . The only one that can stop you from learning is you.

10. Choose your desktop type (sh /Downloads/crouton -t list) this will show you what environments you cant to pick. I prefer gnome to unity. As usual with all things administrative. You have to run via "sudo"

sudo sh ~/Downloads/crouton -t gnome

11. sudo startgnome

12. Optionally, if you want it encrypted and want to throw the whole kitchen sink at it...just copy and paste the following command (NOTE: Xenial is Ubuntu 16.04.1):

sudo sh -e ~/Downloads/crouton -r xenial -t unity-desktop,gtk-extra,cli-extra,extension,keyboard,xbmc,chrome -e

Note: If you have an issue, use another desktop type and run the command with -u (don't forget your passphrase or your done...)

sudo sh -e ~/Download/crouton -r xenial -t unity,keyboard,xbmc,chrome -u -e

FYI. If you don't like Unity use another desktop like Gnome or some other desktop. Personally, I like Budgie or Kali Linux. Budgie: If you are new to Linux...Kali will make you an Internet warrior!! Kali+YouTube+Blogs+Pluralsight...equals lighting and thunder!!! Ok....this Chipotle is making me delicious. Anyway...screenshot below!

More Crouton Information? It was created by a Google Employee.

More? Sheesh...go here already...

Wednesday, August 10, 2016

Lockdown Adobe Reader Document Cloud

Do you have a template and no volume license? Do not install the bulk junk for Adobe. It will not only drive your users/family insane. It will just lead to people calling you with a bunch of unnecessary questions.

1. Download Adobe Reader: 

2. Don't install the junk toolbar, etc. (Install Chrome if your in the real world!)

3. Hack the registry...If you don't know what your likely shouldn't be doing this. If you do, hey...have at it!

Adobe Document Cloud Registry Edits

Copy this link if your worried about clicking on links.

You have to disable what is important to you and your business/organization/school.

1. Disable all of the options that you do not want your user's to have access to use or see. Disable every single option below for people to only open .PDF files and that's it.


Good bye...3rd party junk!!!

Wednesday, July 13, 2016

How to Install Windows 7 or 10 Using VMware PVSCSI Drivers

Ok. So... installing VMware PVSCSI Adapters on a VM is a pain in the neck if you don't know how to do it. So...I want to save people some time. I figured out this is the fastest and less complicated process to get this done. These VM's are good for anything that requires speed.

Thanks Carl for your blog for VMware View!

1. Reference VMware KB article:

1a. The trick is to use 2 CD/DVD drives!!

1b. Add your second (2nd) CD/DVD!!

2. Create your VM. Make sure that your CD/DVD IDE is 0:0 or it won't boot to Windows. 
VMware Tools .ISO file should be 0:1.

3. DO NOT use the VMware Tools that comes with the ESXi host installation. Use the Latest VMware Tools. As of this blog entry. The latest VMware Tools release is 10.0.9. This is the Official Location for VMware Tools. Do not download it from anywhere else. 

4. Boot the VM and boot into Windows. This works for either Windows 7 or Windows 10.

5. Select Custom. Don't be dumb and upgrade an image for VMware View or Images. Start over and do it from scratch. You're waiting for a headache to come if you do an upgrade. Plus, it's just plain old lazy.

6. You won't see any drives listed because the PVSCSI driver is not loaded into the VM yet.

7. Browse for the driver. Select the VMware Tools DVD and drill down the the release.

8. Remember to use the right architecture for your VMware Tools. If it's x86 or x64. 

9. This is key and vital. You have to make sure that the NEXT button is not greyed out. As long as you followed the steps above it won't be greyed out. If it's greyed out. You did something wrong. Go back and do it over.

10. Go get some juice! It's going to take a little while.

11. If you doing a VMware Horizon View VM or Citrix XenDesktop. Use Carl's blog. It's very good!! 

VMware Horizon View:
Citrix XenDesktop:

Tuesday, April 19, 2016

How to Fix a Nutanix CVM being Stuck in Maintenance Mode

How to Fix a Nutanix CVM being Stuck in Maintenance Mode

1. ssh into the Nutanix cluster VM

2. cluster status

2. ncli host list (This will give you the host ID)

    Id                        : 9911991c-1111-093y-11yb-blahblah88::61810
    Uuid                      : 5blahblabla99-5227-43d9-ae05-243hahadummy
    Name                      : NTNX-SERIAL-X
    IPMI Address              :
    Controller VM Address     :
    Hypervisor Address        :
    Host Status               : NORMAL
    Oplog Disk Size           : 428.02 GiB (459,587,190,986 bytes) (0.7%)
    Under Maintenance Mode    : false (Hypervisor upgrade)
    Metadata store status     : Metadata store enabled on the node
    Node Position             : Node physical position can't be displayed for this model. Please refer to Prism UI for this information.
    Node Serial (UUID)        : VENDORSERIAL
    Block Serial (Model)      : VENDORSERIAL (NODE MODEL)

3. ncli host edit id=9911991c-1111-093y-11yb-blahblah88::61810::61810 enable-maintenance-mode="false"

4. cluster status and scream BOOYAH!!!! WARNING: Happy dancing in cubicle or workspace is Highly Recommended and preferred.

Friday, March 18, 2016

VCSA vmware-vpxd Service Won't Restart After Upgrading to 6.0 U2

You navigate to the VMware Web Client and you get this 503 Error:

503 Service Unavailable (Failed to connect to endpoint: [N7Vmacore4Http20NamedPipeServiceSpecE:0x7fe4a805cc90] _serverNamespace = / _isRedirect = false _pipeName =/var/run/vmware/vpxd-webserver-pipe)

Cause: (SSL Certificates wouldn’t issue automatically after reboot for service vmware-vpxd

Compounded Problem: (Clearing logs under ~/.* **root**) – Specifically, clearing ~/.pgpass 

(Lesson Learned: NEVER EVER CLEAR FILES UNDER ~/. Except .bash_history on templates creation only!!!)

Fix: Kill all the services running vpxd

1. ps -ef | grep vpxd
2. kill ###
3. Re-add the ~/.pgpass file with the PostGreSQL password
4. vi /et c/vmware-vpx/embedded_db.cfg
5. Copy the password you see between PGUSER_PASSWORD=’password here
6. Put the password back in ~/.pgpass

localhost:5432:VCDB:postgres: password here
localhost:5432:postgres:postgres: password here
localhost:5432:VCDB:vc: password here

7. Check /etc/hosts and make sure config is there. hostname 

8. service vmware-vpxd status (make sure it’s not running)

9. service vmware-vpxd start

hostname:~ # service vmware-vpxd start
vmware-vpxd: VC SSL Certificate does not exist, it will be generated by vpxd
Waiting for the embedded database to start up: success
Executing pre-startup scripts...
vmware-vpxd: Starting vpxd by administrative request.
vmware-vpxd: Waiting for vpxd to start listening for requests on 8089
Waiting for vpxd to initialize: ...success
vmware-vpxd: vpxd has initialized.

hostname:~ # service vmware-vpxd status
vmware-vpxd is running

10. That's it!!!


Thursday, March 10, 2016

How to Convert a CD/DVD to an ISO File

Do you need to convert a CD or DVD to an ISO file for a virtual environment, etc?


1. Download InfraRecorder (Be aware of Junkware for FOSS Software on Windows). IR is on the GPL:

2. Install the InfraRecorder Software (Next...Next...Done)

3. Launch the Application

4. Click on "Read Disc"

5. Select your location to save the .ISO file

6. Let it's baking! =)

7. Click Ok. Upload, Save or do whatever with the ISO! You can also create a bootable USB. (I use's reliable and fast: )

Ubuntu Linux or Mac: Refer to this Article on HowToGeek